Succulent plants can survive in adverse environments without much care and interference from humans. Seeing these desert plants growing in hostile environments, we are inspired to tackle all the hurdles of our life like them and move forward despite any problems. Thus, having succulents in front of our eyes keeps us motivated. Haworthia Obtusa, a tiny succulent, can be the best option because we can grow it indoors, even in our working place (desk) with low maintenance.
In the world of succulent plants, Haworthia Obtusa commonly known as Cushion Aloe, Star Window Plant, or Mini Aloe occupies a pretty decent place. Despite its super fancy look Haworthia Obtusa requires low maintenance compared to other varieties of succulents.
Originating in the eastern cape of South Africa this desert plant can be grown in less space both indoors and outdoors with a limited supply of water. While growing indoors, bright indirect sunlight with a south-facing window can be best. Talking about outdoors, places with morning sunlight and shed in the rest of the day are preferable to avoid extra sunlight which results in the loss of the vibrant leaf colour. Haworthia Obtusa widely preferred for its foliage belongs to the Aloaceae family, the same as aloe Vera plants.
Since it is a desert plant its leaves are narrowed to check transpiration and minimize water loss. This feature enables it to thrive well in drought conditions.
In a natural growing environment, it has somehow deeper roots to absorb water from depths. Further, it has surface roots to increase the water absorptive area. However, while growing in observed conditions, deep pots are not preferred to grow Haworthia cause there is sufficient moisture in the atmosphere and one or two irrigation works when the soil gets dry during the summer season. Thus, shallow pots are used to limit root growth. Moreover, moist soil is not appropriate for the growth of Haworthia obtusa.
The leaves of Obtusa are fleshy to hold water for dry periods. Most varieties are stemless but if present they are succulent and can be up to 5 cm. The leaves form a rosette structure making it stunning. Further, leaves are thicker and ovate with the entire margin, and leaf tips are rather obtuse or rounded and pellucid. During maturity, leaves are characterized by denser rosettes forming round clumps.
As mentioned above, they are grown for foliage because it takes quite a lot of time to reach the flowering stage. Generally, we have to be patient and wait around 3 to 5 years to see its wonderful flower. Flowers of Haworthia obtusa are small white, along with little pink colour, positioned in the middle of a plant and perched in the 8-inch peduncle.
A quick overview of this plant is tabulated below:-
|Plant Name||Haworthia obtusa|
|Mini aloe, Cushion Aloe, Star Window|
|Origin||Eastern cape of South Africa|
|Nature of plant||Perennial|
|USDA growing zone||9 to 11b|
|Flower||White or pink colour|
|Blooming time||Spring & Summer|
|Height||3 to 4 inches|
|Width||Less than 2 to 3 inches|
|Exposure||3 to 6 hrs bright indirect sunlight|
|Cold tolerance||Can tolerate only for a short period of time.|
|Toxicity||Non toxic to humans and pets.|
|Scientific name||Haworthia obtusa|
USDA Growing Zone
Considering the outdoors they thrive well in USDA Hardiness Zones 9 to 11 which includes Texas, California, Louisiana, Florida, and other southern areas of the states. But it is excellent houseplants in all locations.
Evergreen perennial succulent plant.
Requires less space.
Unique glassy and translucent leaves.
Haworthia includes a variety of cultivars, including the variegated cultivar, which has green and white striped leaves.
It is non-toxic to humans and pets. But we cannot ingest Haworthia obtusa. By mistake, if pets or children consume it we should call the concerned authority.
-Animal Poison Control Center (ASPCA): (888) 426-4435
-National Capital Poison Center: (800) 222-1222
Haworthia obtusa Variegated
The variegated cultivar is known for its distinctive green and white striped leaves, which give it a unique appearance. This variegated succulent looks stunning.
Haworthia obtusa Crystal Blue
Haworthia Crystal Blue is known for its distinctive blue-green leaves making it more appealing. It allows the light to pass through it and gives it a blue-glass-like appearance.
Haworthia obtusa Hybrid
It is commonly called Toad’s toes which have a purplish-green colour covered with little white bumps that look like warts all over, so-called Toad’s toes.
Haworthia obtusa Vs cooperi
Cooper’s is a succulent species that grows in dense clusters and is valued as an ornamental species for uniquely shaped leaves and is also called Cushion Aloe.
Haworthia obtusa Care
|Light||3 to 6 hrs of bright sunlight|
|Temperature||68 to 90 degree F indoor temperature|
|Soil||Well drained acidic soil, Porous, Ph 5 to 7.6|
|Water||Every 1 to 2 weeks in summer, Drought tolerant plant|
|Humidity||25 to 60 percent, High moisture is the enemy|
|Fertilizer||Succulent based feed every 1 to 2 years, Cactus feed in spring and fall|
|Repotting||Every 2 years|
|Training & Pruning||Remove the dead leaves when they appear.|
Bright indirect sunlight is best for Haworthia but it can tolerate direct sunlight too. However, extreme temperatures can retard their growth, sucking away all the moisture and making the leaf curl up. While growing indoors, bright indirect sunlight with a south-facing window is suitable. Talking about outdoors, places with morning sunlight and shed in the rest of the day are preferable to avoid extra sunlight which results in the loss of the vibrant leaf colour.
Haworthia requires 68 degrees F to 90 degrees F temperature for its overall growth. Since it is a desert plant it can tolerate extreme temperatures which can cause burns to other plants. Usually, the plant can endure frosty temperatures with some cold protection but eventually succumb to temperature stress.
Haworthia prefers well-draining soil, so it is important to use a soil mix that contains sand or perlite to ensure proper drainage. It requires slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH range of 5 to 7.6. This mini aloe cannot withstand water logging conditions. So, if our garden contains Clay soil, we must mix sand and make it friable, the soil must contain sufficient nutrients and organic matter.
Humidity and Irrigation
Plants that are typically found in arid areas or hot climates can tolerate low humidity. Since it is also a desert plant, it doesn’t require high humidity. An increase in humidity affects the growth of Haworthia.
The Pebble tray method of watering and humidifier both are used to increase humidity in Plants. As we know high humidity is the enemy of Haworthia, we don’t apply this method for watering. When the soil gets dry we must water Haworthia. Fewer irrigation works while growing indoors as they do poorly when overwatered. While growing outdoors we should water the plant once every week during the summer season.
Cactus-specific fertilizer that has been diluted to half of its intended strength is applied to grow Haworthia. Fertiliser is applied once or twice a year in the fall and spring. But we must consider not fertilizing the plant during its dormant period i.e. winter. It is important to avoid over-fertilization, as this can lead to salt buildup in the soil and damage to the plant. Additionally, fertilizer should not be applied to dry soil, as this can also cause damage to the roots and cause loss.
Potting and Repotting
Transferring this plant to another pot can cause stress to the plant. Plants must not be damaged while shifting, especially roots. Repotting every two years is appropriate so that soil can be freshened up and rich in nutrients. After repotting, until its establishment extra care should be provided and soil should be kept wet. Regarding potting media, it should be rich in nutrients and free from fungus and viruses.
Training and Pruning
Haworthia plants typically don’t grow very much, so there’s no specific time for pruning. You can remove any leaves that are discolored or decaying to keep the plant looking good or divide the plant to propagate it. Scant pruning can be done in certain intervals depending upon the growth of Haworthia obtusa.
It is not that difficult to propagate the Haworthia obtusa plant as we can separate offset from the parent plant or we can even use mature leaf cutting to grow new ones. The planting materials used for the growth of this Haworthia are mentioned below:
1. Offset or pups cutting
2. leaf cuttings
1. Offset cuttings
Offset are parts of the plants that can reproduce asexually and are genetically the same as the parent plant. They are selected from the mature healthy plant and they share the same root system with the mother plant until they are detached. Following are the steps to propagate Haworthia obtusa from offsets:-
1. Select mature healthy plants.
2 Separate the offset gently and make sure that it contains the root.
3. Take a 6-inch wide pot and fill it with a potting mixture(succulent cactus mix).
4. Poke a hole and place it vertically in the pot.
5. Make sure to water until its roots are spread firmly in the soil. But soil should be dry during watering.
6..They are established within 6 weeks and are mature enough to pop out new leaves.
2. Leaf cuttings
We can propagate the Haworthia, with individual, outer lower leaves.
1. Select the mature plant with thick succulent leaves.
2. Gently cut the plant with a sterilized tool horizontally.
3. Dip the cut end of the cuttings in rooting hormone powder.
4..Allow the cut end to callus over for a few days, then plant the cutting in well-draining soil.
5. Water the soil sparingly until you see new growth.
It is not a widely used method for propagation. To fasten the growth we should soak the water in lukewarm water for half an hour otherwise the growth process is passive. We must plant the seeds within 6 months of the harvest to ensure their viability and successful germination. Seeds are planted in a seedling tray containing porous and nutrient-rich soil.
Prices vary according to the size of Haworthia and the places we buy from. The average price is given below:-
|Size without claypot.||Price|
Common Problems in Haworthia
Since it is a desert plant it cannot withstand water logging conditions and leads to root rot. To avoid this make sure to let the soil dry out completely between watering. In addition, it is advisable to inspect the plant regularly for signs of pests, such as mealybugs or spider mites.
|Leaves curling||Water scarcity|
|Yellowing of leaves||Over watering|
|Brown or red leaf tips||Water scarcity|
Leaves curling and brown or red leaf tips problems occur rarely.
Pros and cons
|Drought tolerant||Cannot tolerate high humidity|
|Requires less space||Excess water can cause root rot|
|Low maintenance plant||Slow Growing|
|Great air purifier||Delayed flowering.|
If you are looking for a plant to place on your working table with low maintenance, Haworthia obtusa can be the one. It is a drought-resistant succulent plant that requires less space. With their unique appearance and compact growth habit, they are perfect for small spaces and make great additions to any collection.
1. What is the Nickname of Haworthia?
Haworthia and aloe vera both belong to the aloaceae family. The morphology, and growth habit of Haworthia is pretty similar to aloe Vera but it is smaller than it. Thus, the most common nickname for Haworthia is mini aloe. Further, it has other nicknames too which include Cushion Aloe, and Star Window Plant.
2. How Do You Care For Haworthia?
It is not that difficult to care for Haworthia. Being a succulent plant it requires less water and we should not keep it in direct sunlight.
3. Does Haworthia Need Full Sun?
It doesn’t need full sun. It prefers a shady area with south-facing windows. If grown outdoors make sure that it is grown under the shade for most of the time.